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Taiwan Seed Improvement and Propagation Station (TSIPS) has successfully developed two types of moss tissue culture technologies, Hymenoptera spp. and Bryum spp. which can meet the demand for horticultural healing products and quantify the production of moss.
Taiwan is located in a subtropical region, with great changes in altitude and extremely rich species of bryophytes. There are about 23,000 species of bryophytes in the world, and there are 1,500 species of bryophytes recorded in Taiwan. Because the moss is collected from the native place often contains soil, fallen leaves and molluscs, it is not easy to either use tissue culture to introduce the cultured body into the bottle, or select the type of moss. After the research and development of TSIPS, the gametophytes of Moss hystrix are successfully induced in the bottle to achieve the purpose of mass reproduction. Utilizing the nutrient of the culture medium in the tissue culture bottle, the humidity in the bottle, and the appropriate supplement of light, there will be a viewing period of more than half a year, and adding color to the culture medium can also increase the color richness in the bottle; different culture container shapes, such as necklaces, Modeling bottles, etc. increase the diversity of use.
TSIPS pointed out that the moss leaves are small but dense, so the absorption area is very large. It can absorb harmful gases in the indoor air. Coupled with its low, neat and slow growth characteristics, it does not take up too much space and can also create a moss micro landscape , Such as moss ball, moss ecological bottle, moss ecological wall and moss garden, etc., are all applicable methods. At present, TSIPS is evaluating technology transfer methods, so that tissue culture seedlings can become moss healing products and industrialization.
▲Figure 1. Grassland-like moss from the micro perspective
▲Figure 2. Moss Ecological Bottles
▲Figure 3. Tissue cultures of moss in glass bottles with colorful medium.
▲Figure 4. Tissue cultures of Haplocladium microphyllum